Becoming depressed about depression is a phenomenon where an individual’s awareness and reaction to their own depressive symptoms exacerbate the original condition, creating a downward spiral of negative emotions and thoughts. This cycle can occur for several reasons: Self-Stigmatization: People with depression may internalize societal stigma around mental health, feeling shame or guilt for their […]

Potential Limitations of Supportive Therapy

Supportive members of group therapy session

Supportive therapy, while offering emotional support, may have limitations when it comes to addressing specific anxiety symptoms and providing long-term relief. Here are some potential challenges associated with supportive therapy for anxiety: Despite the potential limitations of supportive therapy, it is essential to note that the effectiveness of therapy depends on the individual’s needs, preferences, […]

Exposure-Based Interventions

Sad caucasian teenage girl lying on bed and looking away with anxiety

Exposure therapy is a highly effective psychological treatment for anxiety disorders that is fundamentally based on the principles of habituation and cognitive restructuring. It operates on the premise that direct, systematic contact with feared stimuli or situations can diminish the intense, often debilitating reactions associated with anxiety. By gradually and repeatedly facing the feared object, […]

Negative Reinforcement: Avoiding an aversive stimulus.

Lonely young woman feeling depressed and stressed sitting in the dark bedroom, Negative emotion

One of the most powerful processes that guide behavior is found in how we learn to avoid negative experiences.  For better or for worse, the brain has been hardwired to focus on the negative, likely because it is more adaptive to be able to avoid negative outcomes than positive ones.  Which makes pragmatic sense: I […]